In general, Grand Central Terminal is a commuter railway terminal located at 42nd Street and Park Avenue, Midtown Manhattan, NY. It is one of two magnificent rail stations built in New York railway transportation’s heydays. Its other partner, Penn Station, was destroyed in mid-1960s. By number of platforms, Grand Central Terminal is the largest such structure in the world.
Outstanding features at Grand Central Terminal
Its building's facade on the 42nd Street is characterized by a true Beaux-Arts design. It has huge arches which are flanked by magnificent Corinthian columns and topped by a huge sculpture. The interior of the main concourse is perhaps the most impressive of all the structure. Its design accompanied with Zodiac constellations was derived from medieval manuscripts. Light penetrates the main concourse via six high arched windows. The structure has a western double staircase made of Botticino marbles designed after Paris’ Opera Garnier in Paris. The floor which connects the entrance at Vanderbilt Avenue and the main concourse is made of Tennessee marble, and its walls are made of Caen stone.
The grand Beaux-Arts building serves as a transportation hub for connection of train, metro, car as well as pedestrian traffic in an efficient manner. It prides in sixty seven train tracks at two distinct levels.
Dining and entertainment
Grand Central Terminal has a Dining Concourse below the Main Concourse. It is connected to the terminal via various stairs, ramps, as well as escalators which allow access to lower level tracks. It has central seating/lounge areas, which are surrounded by restaurants such as Oyster Bar.
An electromechanical display replaced the original arrival and departure information blackboard.
The terminal underwent redevelopment in 1994 with the aim to not just increase revenue but also restore the building's former grandeur. This objective was achieved through the renovation of the large public areas, removal of former alterations, addition of a new entrance and creation of a retail mall as well as a food court. The 197 million dollar restoration process saw a large iron eagle added at the top of new Lexington Avenue & 43rd Street entrance.
Notably, the monumental railway station construction took place between 1903 and 1913, and was accomplished by the New York and Harlem Railroad company. Today it stands out not just as an important infrastructural facility but also as a voice of history.